What is a UTI, and what should one do to avoid it?

Jan 04, 2023

Creative Team

What is a UTI, and what should one do to avoid it?


You might have heard this term so many times in your school days and might even know what it means. But still, let’s know a little about UTIs, also known as urinary tract infections. This type of common infection affects the urinary system, attacks the urethra and urinary bladder, and can lead to serious kidney and bladder infections.

Urinary tract infections can affect everyone, although women are more likely to have them than men. This is so because females have shorter urethras that are located closer to the anus, where E. coli bacteria are frequently found. Cystitis is also more likely to affect older people. Insufficient bladder emptying may be the cause of this elevated risk.

UTIs can be caused by a number of factors, including:

  1. Having an active sexual life- having multiple sexual partners or even avoiding wearing condoms while having sex increases the risk of UTIs.
  2. Vesicoureteral Reflux- It is a type of condition wherein the urine flows backwards from the bladder, up the ureters, and towards your kidney. Urine should flow from your kidneys to your bladder, not the other way around.
  3. Have diabetes- Diabetes weakens the immune system, thus putting them at risk and making the patient prone to UTIs. Women with type 2 diabetes may be more susceptible to UTIs. Maintaining good control of your diabetes will help you avoid UTIs. Maintaining blood sugar levels as steady as possible is vital since, for instance, having high blood glucose levels can raise your chance of developing a UTI.
  4. Past experience with UTIs- Urinary tract infections reoccur in 25% to 30% of women who have had them within the previous six months. If you frequently get UTIs, you are aware of the negative effects they can have on your life. One in five women, according to the National Kidney Foundation, will experience at least one UTI throughout her lifetime. Each subsequent UTI you have raises your likelihood of developing another one. Additionally, 27% of women experience more than two UTIs a year.
  5. Had kidney stones- UTIs are more common in people who have urinary tract obstructions, such as kidney stones. Additionally, a man's enlarged prostate gland might obstruct urine flow and result in a UTI.


UTIs can be detected in many ways:

  1. If you have difficulty peeing,
  2. Feel the urge to pee frequently.
  3. see blood in your urine.
  4. Foul-smelling pee
  5. Have pain in the lower back or abdomen 
  6. Having a high fever


Methods to Avoid UTIs:

UTIs can be fatal if not treated, and they can lead to more infections or severely damage your kidneys and urinary bladder. Here are some ways to avoid UTIs and reduce the risk.

  1. Drink Water- Drink a lot of liquids, especially water. Urine can be diluted by drinking water. As a result, you urinate more frequently, which enables you to wash bacteria out of your urinary tract before an illness develops.
  2. Cranberry juice to the rescue- If you have a urine infection, you may have been advised to drink cranberry juice.

According to several studies, consuming cranberry juice or taking cranberry supplements can help women who are at risk for UTIs from getting these infections. Others, though, have not reached that conclusion.

Scientists believe that cranberry juice makes the urine more acidic, which makes it a less hospitable environment for the bacteria, or maybe the juice makes it difficult for bacteria to stick to the walls of the urinary bladder.

  1. Wipe from front to back- Women are usually advised to wipe from front to back. Do this after a bowel movement or after urinating. It aids in limiting the transfer of bacteria from the anus to the urethra and vagina.
  2. Empty your bladder- It is always a good idea to drink water after sex. Chug a full glass of water to help wash away microorganisms. Staying hydrated causes you to urinate more, which flushes more bacteria from your body before infections develop.
  3. Change your Condoms- A two- to eight-fold increased risk of developing a first UTI was seen when using a lubricated condom (with or without spermicide in the lubricant) or spermicidal cream or gel with an unlubricated condom.

Bacterial growth may be facilitated by diaphragms, unlubricated condoms, or condoms coated with spermicide.

Condoms coated with spermicide have been linked to an increased risk of UTI. 


Urinary Tract Infections can feel pretty uncomfortable and may even be life-threatening. While UTIs are pretty common and curable, however, one should take extreme care and caution. The blog talked about a few ways in which you can avoid UTIs so that next time you can take extreme steps when it comes to intimate and personal hygiene. 

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